Evacuation, refuge and migration. Strategic resources and sanctions The Afghan Last Database economy suffers the consequences of the vulnerabilities accumulated by the sequence of wars, internal interreligious conflicts and successive external occupations. Although the Last Database strategic importance of the country is essentially anchored in its political geography, some of its Last Database natural attributes have aroused growing international interest.
From the field of political economy, a pendantbetween Last Database Afghanistan and Latin America leads to the issue of mineral resources and rare earths, in particular lithium reserves. Strongly coveted by China, these minerals could become a powerful bargaining chip Last Database between Kabul and Beijing in a pragmatic "give and take" between stability and investment. Afghanistan's lithium reserves, still to be explored, added to those of other minerals (copper, iron, gold, zinc, etc.) are valued at between one and three trillion dollars. In Latin America there is what is called the "lithium triangle", made up of Chile, Argentina and Bolivia. These three countries contain the world's largest Last Database exploitable lithium reserves.
It is understood then that lithium, along with mineral and energy reserves, It Last Database could be a great opportunity to strengthen Afghan ties with China, a country that seeks to expand its access to materials necessary for its industrial and technological development. However, it is Last Database necessary to underline the disaster caused by the pandemic, which had a negative impact on the production and exploitation of lithium in Latin American countries. Indeed, deepening ties Last Database with China could be a vital factor for the Taliban, who do not have the means or ways to reduce their levels of external dependency. The years of US military presence contributed to reinforcing the typical processes of subordination and reconfiguration of a country under occupation, which facilitates a logic of superseded dependency.